telugukiranam header

Pingali Surana in Telugu and English languages

asta digajalu

PINGALI SURANA's exact birthplace is uncertain. He lived in Kanala village near to Nandyal. It is believed that his ancestors were from Pingali village in the Krishna District. Surana's parents were Abbamamba (mother) and Amarana (father), scholars themselves. Surana dedicated a work to Nandyala Krishna Raju, a subject of the Vijayanagara Empire in Krishna District. It is now settled that he was from Kanala village, near Nandyala. There is his samadhi and also the potter community celebrates his Jayanthi year after year. There is an old oriental High School in Kanala, which is said to be a legacy from Pingali Surana. Surana Saraswatha Sangham, Nandyal is a literary organisation in existence for more than 25 years. Surana wrote Garuda Puranam, Prabhavatee Pradyumnamu, Raghava Pandaveeyam and Kalapurnodayamu in 1500 CE. He dedicated Garuda Puranam to his father and Kalapurnodayam to the Nandyal King. Two of his works were revolutionary in Telugu and the first of their kind. Kalapurnodayam is more of a novel than poetry and Raghava Pandaveeyam is in dvayarthi (double meaning) style. Kalapurnodayamu means full bloom of art. Surana used advanced literary techniques in Indian literature such as flashbacks and character transformation. Coincidentally it was produced around the same time as Shakespeare's As You Like It which contained many of the same literary techniques. Each poem of Raghava Pandaveeyam references to the stories of Ramayanam or Mahabharatam simultaneously. The entire work is double entendre. His first work Garuda Puranam is in Prabandha style, popular for romantic poems